Roots Vacuum Pumps
Roots pumps are rotary plunger type pumps where two symmetrically shaped impellors rotate in reverse directions in the pump housing. Because of insufficient friction in suction chamber the roots vacuum pump is capable of operating at high speeds. The roots pumps operate at the high speeds completely quietly due to lack of reciprocating mass which also provides reliable dynamic balancing. As fore vacuum pumps can be utilized rotary vane, rotary piston, screw and liquid ring pumps. This types of mixed pumps can be utilized in all areas where the rough, medium vacuum and high pumping speeds are required.
Roots pumps are dry-running vacuum pumps and may pump high volumes. In blower operation you can reach vacuum to approx. 0.5 bar a (as a single aggregate). In the execution as a high-vacuum blower vacuums are reached up to 10-3 mbar a, but just in combination with a suitable pre-vacuum pump. As pre-vacuum pumps may be used, for example:
Single-stage oil lubricated rotary vane vacuum pumps (accessible final pressure approx. 10-2 mbar a)
Two-stage oil lubricated rotary vane vacuum pumps (accessible last pressure approx. 10-3 mbar a)
Liquid ring vacuum pumps, if necessary in combination with ejectors (accessible final pressure approx. 1 mbar a).
Roots pumps, in mixture with suitable pre-vacuum pumps, are found in particular when in a nutshell evacuation instances closed volumes should be evacuated or constantly big volume streams are to be charged. Where in fact the suction house of the pre-vacuum pumps begins to drop (e.g., by single-stage essential oil lubricated rotary vane pumps with approx. 10 mbar), a roots pump can be started up as a 2. Stage. The suction real estate of the roots pump can be up to 10 moments bigger as the suction property of the pre-vacuum pump.
In a Roots vacuum pump, an inlet slot is located at a posture n spaced by a positive displacement angle of 120° in a single Air Vacuum Pump china direction from a center of each rotational axis relative to an imaginary line m connecting rotor axes. An outlet port is located at a position o opposing to the inlet interface in accordance with the line. An air feed port is formed at a position t on a casing wall attained by returning by 90° from the positioning o to the inlet port side so that two closed areas are described by adjacent rotor lobes and a casing inner wall at both port sides immediately after air suction respectively. The casing provides discharge grooves in an section of the inner wall structure so as to talk to the outlet port. The region ranges from the position o to a position u attained by returning by 45° from the position o to the inlet port part. The discharge grooves have a total volume ranging from 2% to 5% of a level of among the closed spaces.